McKee-Pownall Equine Services | Health Care FAQ

Health Care FAQ

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As an individual horse owner what biosecurity measures can I use to protect my horse on a day to day basis?

Answer: Your horse’s risk for disease depends on a number of factors including his exposure to other horses, his age and his immune system. Horses stabled in small herds with no horse turnover and no horses frequenting shows are a lot less likely to become

Can you give me more information on vaccines recommended for my horse?

Answer: In these videos Dr. Samantha Molson discusses equine vaccinations.

Do you have any suggestions for Winter proofing my horse?

Answer: The cold and icy conditions of our winter season bring their own set of challenges for horses and horse owners. The key to weathering these months is anticipation of potential problems and preparation to deal with any that may occur.

How can I prepare for my mare to foal this spring?

Answer: Having a foal is a very exciting time, but also a very nerve wracking one as well! Being prepared is the best way to have the best chances for a healthy mare and foal at the end of the day. Mares have a very long gestation of

Lions, and Tigers, and .... Equine Cushing's Disease? Oh My!!!

Answer: We all have seen the big crested necked horse with the long shaggy hair coat out in the field and couldn't help ourselves from taking a picture of the eccentric looking fellow. But have you ever wondered what the underlying cause is?

What are the Signs of EHV Infection?

Answer: There are four Herpesviruses that are widespread in the horse environment and which are associated with a variety of disease syndromes in horses. They are called Equid Herpesviruses 1, 2, 3 and 4 (EHV-1, EHV-2, EHV-3 and EHV-4). EHV-1 and EHV-4 are t

What Causes Ulcers in Horses?

Answer: Stomach ulcers, also known as Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS), are an important topic in equine health care. Ulcers tend to form when the stomach is irritated by acid production, causing erosions in the stomach lining. Unfortunately this is an e

What do Complete Blood Count and Chemistry Profile terms mean?

Answer: You have had your horse’s blood tested & may be curious as to what it all means. The following table contains a brief explanation of the Complete Blood Count (CBC) and Chemistry Profile...

What do I need to know about Arthritis?

Answer: Find out: What it is, how arthritis occurs, what are the signs of arthritis in horses, how is the diagnosis of arthritis confirmed, how arthritis in horses is treated, what the prognosis is, and some cautionary words...

What guidelines can you offer for feeding my geriatric horse?

Answer: Older horses often have difficulty in maintaining an optimal bodyweight, and suffer from a gradual loss of body condition as they age.

What guidelines do you have for deworming my horse?

Answer: Equine intestinal worms have evolved considerably over the last 20 years, and so has our understanding of their life cycles. We now know that in any given herd, 20% of the individual horses actually carry 80% of the intestinal worms.

What guidelines do you have for vaccinating my Horse

Answer: Every horse is a unique individual with specific requirements and this is a general guideline to the vaccines that are available to prevent some of the diseases found in Southern Ontario. Please talk to your veterinarian about a tailored vaccination

What is a Heart Murmur?

Answer: A heart murmur is an abnormal sound which originates from the heart valves and which can be heard with a stethoscope.

What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?

Answer: COPD is a relatively common cause of coughing and nasal discharge in stabled horses. This section will explain what COPD is, causes and symptoms of COPD, how the disease is diagnosed and treatments that are available.

What is Required to get Export Papers for my Horse to Travel out of the Country?

Answer: Export documents are required for any horse crossing the border to the United States, and for any horse being exported to another country. Although export papers seem like an unreasonable hassle, they play a vital role in preventing the transmission

What is Strangles?

Answer: Strangles is a highly contagious and serious infection of horses and other equids caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi (S. equi). The disease is characterized by severe inflammation of the mucosa of the head and throat, with extensive swelling

What is Tying Up?

Answer: In its mild form, this is a relatively common condition that affects the muscles of the horse's hindquarters and back. Inflammation of these muscles causes pain and stiffness.

What items should I have in my equine emergency first aid kit?

Answer: Unfortunately horses have accidents and it is important to be prepared in case of an emergency.

Why do we recommend splitting vaccines into two sessions?

Answer: Vaccinations stimulate an immune response to a particular antigen(infectious particle, virus or bacteria). When the horse is exposed to the actual virus or bacteria, the body is ready to mount a rapid & vigorous defense, preventing illness & disease.

Why do we use a variety of diagnostic tests when examining a horse?

Answer: In this video, Dr. Kathryn Surasky discusses the role of diagnostic tests in examining a horse.

Why is there a large price range for joint injections?

Answer: In this video, Dr. Melissa McKee explains the factors involved in the costs associated with joint injections.

Why is there such variability in costs between veterinarians for castrations?

Answer: In this video, Dr. Jim Welsh explains some factors involved in the costs associated with equine castrations.